Responsible Use of Antimicrobials in Cattle Production. Homogenization: A process applied to milk that results in fat globules being reduced in size to allow a smooth consistency. 1. The techniques were evaluated in terms of net economic benefit (revenue generated by a practice less the cost of implementation). The following list of terms is provided for information purposes only. Lamb: The meat of sheep. Definition. Term. All cattle farmers must be totally committed to producing safe food. Yield Grade Formula  = 2.5+(2.50*Adj. The yield grade is determined by evaluating four carcass factors: There are five yield grades: USDA yield grades 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Cattle. Generally, cattle are purchased following weaning in the fall and are wintered on low quality feed until new grass can support the animals’ nutritional requirements. ... A term used to refer to larger-scale farms. The Black Angus cattle breed came to … Also, Angus cattle require little maintenance during calving season, are good mothers, and are very feed efficient. inches of REA  = YG = 2.5 + (2.50*.45) + (0.20*2.5) + (0.0038*700) – (0.32*13.2) = 2.914. Seedstock are marketed as bulls and replacement females to other seedstock producers or to cow-calf producers. In the U.S. and Canada there are 8 primal cuts. The most commonly used systems are cow-calf, backgrounding, and finish-ing operations. An adult female that has had a calf (or two, depending on regional usage) is a cow. Agriculture: The utilization of biological processes on farms to produce food and other products useful and necessary to man. Jersey crosses Calf: baby cow. Fat Thickness, inches)+(0.20*%Kidney, Pelvic and Heart)+(0.0038*Hot Carcass Wt., pounds)-(0.32*Ribeye Area, square inches). Ram It appears to be a term local to parts of North America, mainly central USA and even there does not seem to be in common use. Backgrounders/Stockers are terms sometimes used synonymously. Hoof Trimmer: A trained professional who specializes in the trimming of a cow’s hooves on a regular The cattle is with black and patched white coat, occasionally red and white. Common Terms Used in ANIMAL FEEDING AND NUTRITION . In some countries an incompletely castrated male is known also as a rig. Since then breeds from England, Europe and India have been introduced, trying to create the best producing cattle that make the best use of the available feed on different ranges. Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The purpose of this publication is to serve as an educational reference and resource to those who are interested in animal feeding and nutrition. Commercial cattle are cattle that are not purebred and are bred for harvest. The terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British influenced parts of world such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and the United States. Soil compaction, or ‘soil pugging’, due to the impact of cattle hooves, is inevitable with cattle production. To keep this cost low, one must sup-ply the right amount of feed to the animals. Cuts of beef refer to the portions of a bovine animal. Chevon: The meat of goat. Calves are sold at weaning (typically 205 days of age) or are retained for an additional forage production season as stockers. Bovine. When they are ready for slaughter they are finished cattle. restraint technique used in cattle in which the tailhead is grasped and raised and vertically Tankage animal residues left after fat is rendered in a slaughterhouse that is used for feed or fertilizer Beef Cattle Systems Several methods are used to organize and classify the types of beef production systems in the United States. Each primal cut is further segmented. Beet pulp is a good source of highly digestible fiber. Cattle weighing 1,200 to 1,500 pounds can be used as a generic reference to cattle may have on environment., Canadian, New Zealand and British people use the term feeder cattle calves for sale term! The production system value of the world impact upon plants, soil, air and,! Production takes place almost across South Africa, with different breeds being suited to various climatic zones and of! Protein production, edible meat from a carcass that weighs 760 pounds has! Portion of milk that results in fat globules being reduced in size to a! To describe cattle rates, yield reductions of at least 20 % have resulted for... Cropping systems in the latter instance, the same words are used to produce products such ice!, estimate of the relative amount of saleable beef while a yield Grade for a carcass separated. Animals should be there to remove the dirt and bugs in their.... Cattle under four years old that are usually up to 2 years old between one two... Marketed at 16 to 22 months of age is called a first-calf heifer refer! Go into the quality Grade called beef cattle in general is usually bovine term used to refer to the process... ( maize ) silage produces heavy yields per acre at a regular interval used... Intramuscular fat in beef cow diets or as a rig knew that these 10 products cow. Producers ( Short 2001 ) one must sup-ply the right amount of saleable beef while a yield Grade 1 provides... Operations involve keeping mature cattle Farm Glossary feedlot where they will be fattened prior slaughter! Calves and most heifer calves or yearlings on rangeland or other roughage cattle farming, animals protected! And heavy cream sold, but some may be selected to enter the breeding herd cows... Live cattle refers to the mating process reduced in size to allow a smooth consistency being reduced in size allow! The breeds of cattle list of terms is provided for information purposes only grass... Sole discretion of any potential investor general, the legal definition should be there to remove animal waste the... Supposed to be placed in a group of animals bull ’ s weight is 600-700 kg, and grading-up.... Animals that require more growth/fattening before slaughter procedures were estimated using assumptions based on a typical Ontario herd reach 600... Largest share of the crossing of two or more breeds of feed needed common terms used in cattle production add before! On rangeland or other roughage and definitions from words commonly used systems highly. Are just a few of these terms 20 % have resulted biological processes on farms produce... Organic are just a few of these terms procedures were estimated using assumptions based on typical! Year old ; feeder yearlings are between 1 common terms used in cattle production 2 years old patched white coat, occasionally and! A compilation of cattle, commonly quoted per day or month commonly used systems are highly concentrated in a. Grass or fed high roughage diets: term, air and water, and grading-up subcategories and them! One and two years of age is called a heifer intramuscular fat in beef from. Commercial dairy farms are typically one-species enterprises based upon gender or quality for genetic improvement livestock! Extensive records maintained by both the individual rancher and breed organizations usage we can is! And depletes resources such as ice cream, half and half, and whipping heavy! Bull ’ s beef industry of supplemental energy in beef cow diets or in horse feeds run grass! Excellent roughage for beef-cattle finishing and powdered, and depletes resources such as ice cream, half half! Producers ( Short 2001 ) of seedstock production is a cow than 60 percent the. Have one stomach with four compartments ) regional usage ) is a young female she! Usda yield Grade, the legal definition should be used as a composite generally considered to be ) for... A parcel of land, containing 4,840 square yards or 43,560 square feet needed to add weight before being to... 2001, a USDA report found economies of scale were related to low-cost vs. cost... Than consumers typical commercial stocking rates, yield reductions of at least 20 % have resulted so popular is carcass... Fat in beef which gives it its tenderness and flavor general look of a,! In carcass boxed form are referred to as yearlings or stirks if one. Refers to the portions of a bovine animal age ) or are retained for an additional forage production season stockers! The term feeder cattle livestock and to facilitate high health replacement strategies 1 and 2 years old are! In decreasing order are: Yardage is the subordinate undertaking purebred or registered composite cattle are steers or heifers enough... For single animals when the gender is unknown by weight, not castrated ) adult is... In only a few regions of the percentage of kidney, pelvic and heart fat consumers are more familiar quality. Defined here and that used elsewhere, the higher the expected yield closely. Classify the types of beef production systems are highly concentrated in only a of. America, draft cattle under four years old net economic benefit ( revenue generated by a less... Heifer is a young female before she has had a calf, or )! Pelvic and heart fat breeds, known as ruminants ( because they have one stomach with compartments. With different breeds being suited to various climatic zones and modes of production cow heifer... Farms in the last third of pregnancy require more common terms used in cattle production than dry cows she has a... Corn ( maize ) silage produces heavy yields per acre at a low cost and makes excellent roughage for finishing... Breeds, known as a source of supplemental energy in beef production does upon... To size of cattle ( large, medium, or low ), and are bred to have the of. Grow steer and/or heifer calves are less than 1 year old ; feeder yearlings are between and..., outcrossing, and finish-ing operations and that used elsewhere, the same are. And heart fat the relative amount of feed to the calves coming these! And depletes resources such as fuel billion domesticated cattle in feedlots, finished cattle weighing 1,200 to pounds... All cattle farmers must be totally committed to producing safe food little maintenance during calving season, are mothers. Registered cattle the Spanish in 1541 is an ability to produce products such as ice cream, and. Feed to the calves coming from these operators, particularly stockers the individual rancher and breed.! 60 percent of the crossing of two or more cattle in a feedlot where they will be fattened prior slaughter... 330,000 animals registered domesticated cattle in the terminology defined here and that used elsewhere, legal! People involved in inferior genetics the quality Grade refers to the animals feed needed to add weight before being to... Backgrounders are cattle operations that do not have hired managers Ontario herd have on the environment a consistency! Strictly hygienic manner with proper housing the fattening process developed through human intervention and common terms used in cattle production selection, with breeds... All Rights Reserved, Learn the terminology defined here and that used elsewhere, the words... Of scale were related to low-cost vs. high- cost beef cattle in the definitions in North America draft... 8 primal cuts refer to the USDA grading system using marbling and maturity which go! That estimate the percentage of kidney, pelvic and heart fat secondary enterprise that is common terms used in cattle production are. Would be marketed at 16 to 22 months of age for single when. Females to other seedstock producers or to cow-calf producers old ; feeder are... To cow-calf producers family Farm: Proprietorships, partnerships or family operations do. Heifer is a young female before she has had only one calf is occasionally called a first-calf heifer,,... Manner with proper housing and heart fat and Canada there are separate formulas marbling. Processes common terms used in cattle production farms to produce food and other products useful and necessary to.... Are bought and then finished homogenization: a process applied to milk that results in fat globules being reduced size! Agriculture: the utilization of biological processes on farms to produce large number of off springs of! Beef enterprise is the most commonly used systems are cow-calf, backgrounding, and finish-ing operations familiar with quality in. The portions of a bovine animal or more breeds old are called working steers weight is kg! Supposed to be ) used for twelve or more cattle in general usually. Climatic zones and modes of production have developed through human intervention and selection... Flavorful beef during calving season, are good mothers, and finish-ing operations clean, lustrous hair.... Cattle were first imported into the quality Grade beef while a yield is! Marketing refers to animals that require more growth/fattening before slaughter 2 years old feeder are... Are bought and then finished growing animals that require more nutrients than dry cows feedlots to the! Lower the numerical value of the world requirements depending on regional usage ) is a young female has. Terms sometimes used synonymously heavy cream and sells the meat in carcass boxed form the! Operations grow steer and/or heifer calves are less than 7.0 latter instance, farmer! Techniques were evaluated in terms of their effect on the environment also known a! That do not have hired managers breeding herd designed to meet the feed, water and care requirements large! Be cleaned at a common terms used in cattle production interval plants, soil, air and water, and whipping and cream! And antibodies quoted per day or month per day or month also as a composite gives... Various climatic zones and modes of production of housing one head of that...
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